Bed Bugs

Bedbugs are a once common pest of slum dwellings, now much reduced by improved standards of hygiene. They still occur with some regularity, particularly in multi-occupancy buildings with rapid resident turnover, for example, hostels, holiday camps and blocks of flats.

The adult bug resembles a small brown disc, about 3.5mm long - the size of a match head. It is wingless but the legs are well developed and it can crawl up most vertical surfaces, e.g. bed legs.

The elongated eggs are cemented in cracks or crevices close to the hosts (which for bed-bugs are humans).


BThere is no larval stage, the young hatch as mini-bugs or nymphs which become adult in five stages of growth. Each nymphal stage needs one full meal of blood before it proceeds to the next stage. Fully-grown bed-bugs can endure starvation for several months.

Infested rooms may have bugs under wallpaper or in crevices in the furniture and joinery.

They generally emerge to feed at night and their bite can cause severe local irritation. They also produce a characteristic unpleasant smell.